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Foot Sparring (Bal Matsogi)

Foot Sparring is a form of one step sparring where only foot techniques are allowed for both attack and defence.

This form of sparring is practiced by black belt holders only.

Both students use parallel stance as the ready position for both attacking and defending, Students drill Foot Sparring using both the right and left side.

Examples of Foot Sparring 

  • Front Snap Kick 
  • Side Checking Kick, Side Piercing Kick
  • Side Piercing Kick
  • Crescent Kick, Side Piercing Kick
  • Turning Kick
  •  Hooking kick, Turning Kick
  • Back Piercing Kick
  •  Dodge, Rev Turning Kick
  • Rev Turning Kick
  •  Dodge, Flying Side Piercing Kick

Model Sparring (Moboum Matsogi)

This type of set sparring allows the black belt holder to demonstrate their control and accuracy by performing their attack and defence first in slow motion, then repeating the same techniques a second time at full speed and power adding a suprise attack to the routine in the form of a  flying technique. Typicaly only the right side is drilled in Model Sparring

One for One Sparring

This is mainly used for stamina training between intermediate and advanced students. Both students start in fighting position and when the command is given, one student will start with one technique, as soon as his technique is over, the other student attacks immediately, and so on. Because this is a stamina exercise, it does not mean that techniques should be sloppy, they should be crisp and well executed.

Free Sparring (Jayu Matsokgi)

Free sparring is basically putting what has been learnt so far into practice, with no pre-warning of attack. Therefore, not as many defending techniques can be practised as in the other forms of sparring. Free sparring can be practised with no pads and should be strictly non-contact.

Semi contact sparring is allowed only with adequate protection (i.e. safety boots and gloves etc.). This type of sparring must only be carried out under strict supervision of a qualified Instructor.

Free sparring In Taekwon-Do could be said to be a combination of all the different types of sparring that a student has previously experienced e.g. 3 step sparring, semi-free sparring and so on.

To be a competent tournament sparring exponent certain skills have to be developed such as speed, timing, stamina, balance, flexibility All these attributes must be used together as one unit. But, probably the most important attribute for the student who wishes to enter competitions to possess is stamina. This must be worked on continuously using a variety of exercises over a long period of time, not just days or weeks, but months at a time.

Most students when they free spar see it totally as a means of attacking an opponent with certain techniques; what many students forget is that defensive movements, learnt in earlier types of sparring and basic movements should be utilised and are just as, if not more, important than attacking movements. Even when all the skills have developed it still does not guarantee success - as with most things there is no substitute for experience.

Tournament sparring in Taekwon-Do must be seen purely as the sport side of the Art and must not be confused with self defence, it is a completely separate concept and must be learnt and approached in a totally different manner.

Pre Arranged Free Sparring (Yaksok Jayu Matsogi)

This is very similar to free sparring except that all the attacks and defenses are prepared in advance and as such the participants have no fear of injury. This kind is very impressive to watch can require a great deal of work previously to get it exactly right. You can be sparring against one or many opponents